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Thinking Skills - National Curriculum





Student obtains information from reading, listening or observing - and records and organises information by means of writing or visual representation.


Skills demonstrated

  • locate and collect relevant information

  • sort and classify

  • compare and contrast

  • analyse whole-part relationships

Associated vocabulary = collect, define, describe, examine, identify, know, label, list, listen, name, observe, obtain, organise, quote, read, record, relate, remember, select, tabulate, tell, what?, when?, where?, who?, write.





Student makes inferences and connections - and considers the actual and potential impact of using and applying particular information.


Skills demonstrated

  • give reasons for opinions and actions

  • draw inferences and make deductions

  • use precise language

  • explain thoughts

  • make informed decisions and judgements

Associated vocabulary = associate, compare, connect, contrast, describe, differentiate, discuss, distinguish, estimate, explain, give examples, how, illustrate, infer, interpret, paraphrase, predict, select, show, summarise, understand.





Student asks questions, plans and pursues a course of action to discover new and relevant information and connections.


Skills demonstrated

  • ask relevant questions

  • pose and define problems

  • plan what to do and how to research

  • predict outcomes and anticipate consequences

  • test conclusions and improve ideas

Associated vocabulary = analyse, apply, calculate, categorise, change, classify, compare, complete, compute, construct, demonstrate, discover, examine, experiment, hypothesise, illustrate, investigate, modify, order, plan, predict, relate, separate, show, solve, why?.





Student applies imagination, extending ideas and making new connections - leading to products original to them.


Skills demonstrated

  • generate and extend ideas

  • test hypotheses

  • apply imagination

  • look for innovative outcomes

Associated vocabulary = combine, compose, construct, create, design, develop, forecast, formulate, generalise, hypothesise, imagine, innovate, integrate, interpret, invent, modify, plan, prepare, rearrange, rewrite, substitute, what if?





Student judges the truth, value and usefulness of information, actions and products, challenging both others and self.


Skills demonstrated

  • evaluate information

  • judge the value of things read, heard or done

  • develop criteria for judging value

  • have confidence in judgements

Associated vocabulary = argue, assess, compare, conclude, convince, criticise, critique, decide, discriminate, evaluate, explain, express opinion, grade, judge, justify, measure, predict, rank, recommend, select, summarise, support, test.


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